Named after Ilya Kan. By playing 4...a6, Black prevents Nb5 and prepares an eventual ...b5 advance. Black's major responses are 3...g6 preparing ...Bg7, 3...d6 preparing ...Bd7 (a hybrid line that also arises from the Moscow Variation after 2...d6 3.Bb5+ Nc6), and 3...e6 preparing 4...Nge7. The Classical Sicilian (reached from many move orders, such as 1. e4 c5 2. There are a few ways for either side to deviate from the sequence in the heading. The Sicilian Defense may be the single most common chess opening in modern play. White hopes to cramp Black's position by impeding the ...d7–d5 and ...b7–b5 pawn thrusts. White's second most popular reply is 5.Nc3, when Black's development of the kingside knight often takes focus, since playing ...Nf6 can be met with e5 which both creates a Black weakness on the d6-square and causes the Black knight a disadvantageous move. This is the 3rd variation according to our post on the Sicilian Kan. Be3 Bg7 7. f3. In the Scheveningen Variation, Black is content to place the e-pawn on e6, where it guards the d5-square, rather than play the space-gaining ...e5. White's most important alternative to the Yugoslav Attack is 6.Be2, the Classical Variation. This allows White to maintain the knight on d5 by trading off Black's knight on f6, and prepares to bring the knight on a3 back into play with the manoeuvre Na3–c2–e3. After 6...e6, Vsevolod Rauzer introduced the modern plan of Qd2 and 0-0-0 in the 1930s. Log In. Codes B80 through B89 cover the Scheveningen Variation. The Accelerated Dragon allows Black to adopt a Dragon setup without having to fear the Yugoslav Attack. SBN 90084608-9.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link), Position after 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3, Najdorf Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6, Dragon Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 g6, Classical Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6, Scheveningen Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e6, Position after 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4, Sveshnikov Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e5, Chelyabinsk Variation: 6.Ndb5 d6 7.Bg5 a6 8.Na3 b5, Accelerated Dragon: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 g6, Kalashnikov Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 e5 5.Nb5 d6, Taimanov Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6, Kan Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 a6, Four Knights Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6, Pin Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Bb4, Moscow Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.Bb5+, Rossolimo Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5, Closed Sicilian (Main line): 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.g3 g6 4.Bg2 Bg7 5.d3 d6, Four Knights Variation: 4...Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6, 2.Nf3 without 3.d4: White's third move alternatives, Nimzowitsch–Rubinstein Variation: 2...Nf6, "Steinitz, throughout his life, had a certain dislike of the Sicilian. Today. ... [It] is too defensive. Ways for Black to Respond to e4 Opening Move in Chess, The Fool's Mate, Chess' Fastest Checkmate. 2...Nc6 is a natural developing move, and also prepares ...Nf6 (like 2...d6, Black stops White from replying e5). On the other hand, in the Four Knights move order, White acquires the extra option of 6.Nxc6 bxc6 7.e5 Nd5 8.Ne4, so White is not obliged to enter the Sveshnikov. More. This weakens Black's kingside pawn structure, but in return Black gains the two bishops and a central pawn majority. This includes the Moscow Variation (3.Bb5+), 3.d4 cxd4 4.Qxd4, and lines in the Classical Variation except for the Richter–Rauzer Attack, including the Sozin Attack and the Boleslavsky Variation. This variation leads to extremely sharp play and is ferociously complicated, since the players castle on opposite wings and the game becomes a race between White's kingside attack and Black's queenside counterattack. Kasparov noted its novelty.[39]. After 3...cxd4, White occasionally plays 4.Qxd4, the Chekhover Variation, intending to meet 4...Nc6 with 5.Bb5 Bd7 6.Bxc6, when White hopes that the lead in development compensates for Black's bishop pair. What variation of the Sicilian Defense should I play as Black? Full Member Posts: 202. Experts in this line include GMs Sergei Rublevsky and Tomáš Oral. White can play 2.Nf3 without intending to follow up with 3.d4. B20: Sicilian defence - 1. e4 c5 - Chess Opening explorer. 2.d4 cxd4 3.c3 is the Smith–Morra Gambit. In the ninth edition of Modern Chess Openings, Walter Korn noted that the Sicilian "received three of its earliest practical tests, and a big boost in popularity, in the 1834 MacDonnell [sic]–La Bourdonnais match, 1843 Staunton–St. ", The earliest recorded notes on the Sicilian Defence date back to the late 16th century by the Italian chess players Giulio Polerio and Gioachino Greco.[7][8]. The Sicilian Defense allows Black to attack the d4 square and fight for the center without the symmetry that results from 1...e5. 3.d4 cxd4. Players usually enter the Grand Prix Attack nowadays by playing 2.Nc3 first before continuing 3.f4. This is one of the riskier Sicilians for Black to play, but also one that gives the second player many chances to play for a win. Both players favoured sharp, aggressive play and employed the Sicilian almost exclusively throughout their careers, burnishing the defence's present reputation. In chess, the Sicilian Defence, Alapin Variation is a response to the Sicilian Defence characterised by the moves: 1. e4 c5 2. c3 It is named after the Russian master Semyon Alapin (1856–1923). Before their efforts, the variation was called the Lasker–Pelikan Variation. [48] After 4.Nxc3, White is considered not to have enough compensation for the pawn;[49][50][51][52] however, it can be dangerous for Black if he is unprepared, as there are many pitfalls for the unwary.[53]. However, 1...c5 does little for Black's development, unlike moves such as 1...e5, 1...g6, or 1...Nc6, which either develop a minor piece or prepare to do so. met with 7. The current World Champion Magnus Carlsen has also played this variation extensively. "[5] Grandmaster Jonathan Rowson considered why the Sicilian is the most successful response to 1.e4, even though 1...c5 develops no pieces and the pawn on c5 controls only d4 and b4. Popularized by Evgeny Sveshnikov in the 1970s, the Sveshnikov is marked by an early e5 thrust by Black (for instance: 1. e4 c5 2. In view of this, Paul Keres introduced 6.g4, the Keres Attack, in 1943. 2.c3 is the Alapin Variation or c3 Sicilian. After 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6, White's most important alternative to 3.d4 is 3.Bb5+, known as the Moscow Variation. Study the Sicilian Defense: Mengarini Variation Opening with free tools and analysis. The Kalashnikov Variation (ECO code B32)[38] is a close relative of the Sveshnikov Variation, and is sometimes known as the Neo-Sveshnikov. White can prevent this by 5.Nb5 d6, when 6.c4 leads to a version of the Maróczy Bind favoured by Karpov. You can browse our entire chess database from this line, move by move. White sometimes plays 3.Nc3 as a waiting move, though it has little independent significance. It is also a flexible idea, one that can transpose into many other Sicilian systems.​. The move 6.Bg5 was Kurt Richter's invention, threatening to double Black's pawns after Bxf6 and forestalling the Dragon by rendering 6...g6 unplayable. "[D] ", List of chess openings named after places, "Chess and Chess Players of the Renaissance", "Kasparov vs. rest of world: Barnet Chess Club perspective", "FOXY OPENINGS - VOLUME 30 - Kopec Anti-Sicilian System", "Lubomir Kavalek - CHESS Lubomir Kavalek", "Williams, Simon K - Radovanovic, Jovica 2014 , 2nd Kings Place Open 2014 , London ENG", Understanding The Sicilian Defense B21-B99, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sicilian_Defence&oldid=998931064, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Italian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 6...Ne4?! Meanwhile, advancing a queenside pawn has given Black a spatial advantage there and provides a basis for future operations on that flank. The ideas in this line are similar to those in the Sveshnikov – Black accepts a backward pawn on d6 and weakens the d5-square but gains time by chasing the knight. And in this type of structure, white has … The pawn trade also opens the c-file for Black, who can place a rook or queen on that file to support the queenside counterplay. Also, Black has the plan of playing 10...f5, followed by ...fxe4 and ...f5 with the second f-pawn, which would give them good control of the centre. I’ll even throw in some games with some basic traps to watch out for. Often, play will eventually transpose to the Scheveningen Variation. By playing 5...a6 first, Black temporarily prevents White's g4 thrust and waits to see what White plays instead. Nc3, which typically ushers in the Closed Sicilian. Nc3 e5). 3.c4 transposes into the Symmetrical English. Bxc6 Bxc6 (6... bxc6 7. The first point of contact usually comes in the form of a pawn exchange, which leads to the opening of the position. The Four Knights Variation is mainly used as a way of getting into the main line Sveshnikov Variation, reached after 6.Ndb5 d6 7.Bf4 e5 8.Bg5 a6 9.Na3 b5 or 6.Bf4 d6 7.Ndb5 e5 8.Bg5 a6 9.Na3 b5. White's idea is to play f3, Qd2, g4 and 0-0-0 in some order. Rowson writes: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, To my mind there is quite a straightforward explanation. Another alternative for White is 3. f4, which is known as the Grand Prix attack. 3.c3 transposes to lines of the Alapin Variation after 3...Nf6 or 3...d5, while 3.c4 transposes into the Symmetrical English. Only in the late 1980s did Black players revive 4...e5 with the intention of meeting 5.Nb5 with 5...d6: this is the Kalashnikov Variation. Black can also transpose to the Scheveningen Variation with 6...e6; or to the Classical Variation of the Dragon with 6...g6. Nxd4 Nf6 5. The main move. Please Enter Problem Details. Possible moves are 3.g3 and 3.f4 in general, also 3.Nge2, and less commonly 3.d3 and 3.Bc4. White has several options beginning on the sixth move, such as the Richter-Rauzer attack and the Sozin attack. The Najdorf Variation is the most popular variation in the Sicilian Defense and is one of the most analyzed openings in all of chess. White's usual intention is to play Bxc6, giving Black doubled pawns. Currently, White's most popular weapon against the Najdorf is 6.Be3. An original setup for white with the aim of gaining space in the center and in which black has to play carefully to stay in the game. Many other strong players such as Smyslov, Capablanca, Bronstein played this variation. The drawback of 2.e5 is that no additional pressure is brought to the centre, allowing Black various options. [47] A less common option is 2...e6, as La Bourdonnais played against McDonnell. [3] Almost one quarter of all games use the Sicilian. There are numerous move orders that … [41] White's strongest reply is to chase the knight by 3.e5 Nd5 4.Nc3 and now (a) 4...Nxc3 5.dxc3, when 5...b6?, as Nimzowitsch played and recommended, loses to 6.e6! Black can then choose between four major variations: the Najdorf (5...a6), Dragon (5...g6), Classical (5...Nc6), and Scheveningen (5...e6). "[11], In 1813, the English master Jacob Henry Sarratt effectively standardised his English translation of the name of this opening as 'the Sicilian Defence', referring to an old Italian manuscript that used the phrase il gioco siciliano ('the Sicilian game'). (Redirected from Scheveningen Sicilian) In chess, the Scheveningen Variation of the Sicilian Defence is an opening that is a line of the Open Sicilian characterised by Black setting up a "small centre" with pawns on d6 and e6. Nxd4 g6), Black retains the ability to play d5 in just one move (rather than having previously played d6 in the standard Dragon), saving a tempo. Typically, White plans to play 3. g3 and attack on the flanks. Named for its supposed resemblance to the constellation Draco, the Dragon (5… g6) is one of the most popular variations of the Sicilian and one of the sharpest openings in chess. Like the standard Dragon Variation, Black develops the bishop to g7 in the Accelerated Dragon. The Alapin Variation is reached if White plays 2. c3. White decides not to double Black's f-pawns and the game often continues 9...Be7 10.Bxf6 Bxf6 11.c3. "[22] Siegbert Tarrasch wrote that 1...c5 "is certainly not strictly correct, for it does nothing toward development and merely attempts to render difficult the building up of a centre by the first player. Learn the common lines that arise with this strategy. Qa5+), Black can transpose to the Scheveningen Variation with 5...d6, play 5...Nc6, the Four Knights Variation or 5...Bb4, the Pin Variation. [12] The Sicilian was fairly popular for much of the nineteenth century; Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais, Adolf Anderssen, Howard Staunton, Louis Paulsen, and Carl Jaenisch all played it with some consistency. Sicilian Defence: Najdorf Variation I Chess Strategy I Page 4/9. Black's move 2...e6 gives priority to developing the dark-squared bishop. In chess, the Dragon Variation is one of the main lines of the Sicilian Defence and begins with the moves: . Codes B50 through B59 cover the lines after 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 not covered in codes B60–B99. The Scheveningen variation is popular at the highest levels of chess, due to its complex and creative nature. It is named after Nicolas Rossolimo and is related to the Moscow Variation. This plan of 5...a6 followed by ...e5 represents Black's traditional approach in the Najdorf Variation. The former allows White to exchange off Black's light-squared bishop, after which the d5-square becomes very weak; but the latter allows 7.Nf5, when Black can only save the d-pawn by playing the awkward 7...a6 8.Bxd7+ Qxd7. The systems given below are usually classified along with White's second move alternatives as Anti-Sicilians. Command of the field, especially in the centre, is too readily given over to the invading force. Another possibility for White is 3.c3, intending to establish a pawn centre with d4 next move. This variation can arise from two different move orders: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6, or 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 d6. "[14], The opening fell out of favour in the later part of the nineteenth century, when some of the world's leading players rejected it. Though some lines still give Black trouble, it has been established as a first-rate defence. … So the thought behind 1...c5 is this: "OK, I'll let you open the position, and develop your pieces aggressively, but at a price – you have to give me one of your center pawns. Today, most leading grandmasters include the Sicilian in their opening repertoire. White can also keep options open with 3.Nge2. While theory indicates that Black can hold the balance in the Keres Attack, players today often prefer to avoid it by playing 5...a6 first, an idea popularized by Kasparov. Game . In 1990, the authors of Modern Chess Openings (13th edition) noted that "in the twentieth century the Sicilian has become the most played and most analysed opening at both the club and master levels. Ask a Question. The main Kan move is 5...Qc7, although 5...Nc6 transposing into a Taimanov or 5...d6 transposing into a Scheveningen can occur. After 2...g6, White commonly plays 3.d4. Another unusual sideline is 3...cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.f3! (6.Bd3 is less challenging) Black has: Also intriguing is 6. White has a lead in development and extra kingside space, which White can use to begin a kingside attack. White's most common reply is 6.Bg5, the Richter–Rauzer Attack (ECO codes B60–B69). A quick draw is possible after 9.Nd5 Qa5+!? Accessibility: Enable blind mode. About 80% of Master level games beginning with 1.e4 c5 continue with 2.Nf3, after which there are three main options for Black: 2...d6, 2...Nc6, and 2...e6. Qxd4 (4. It produces the psychological and tension factors which denote the best in modern play and gives notice of a fierce fight on the very first move."[32]. White's powerful knight on d5 and Black's shattered kingside pawn structure are compensated by Black's bishop pair and White's offside knight on a3. The Sveshnikov Variation was pioneered by Evgeny Sveshnikov and Gennadi Timoshchenko [ru] in the 1970s. This bishop can exert tremendous pressure (often in concert with a rook) on the queenside of the board, especially if white … Many chess champions actually prefer to start with 1.d4 because of how well the Sicilian Defense plays against 1.e4. Puzzles. Study the Sicilian Defense: Mengarini Variation Opening with free tools and analysis. The main line after 5...e5 runs as follows: The Sveshnikov Variation has become very popular in master level chess. Play. Formerly, 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 was the main line of the Najdorf, when White threatens to attack the pinned knight with 8.e5. « on: Jun 15, 2015, 12:03:13 PM » Im a USCF 1360 just so u know! (fighting for control of d5 and not fearing the doubled pawns) 11.Bxf6 gxf6. is met by 6.Bb5+!, when Black must either play 6...Bd7 or 6...Nbd7. The whole Sicilian Defence creates something of a ‘win-win’ situation, in the sense that the unbalanced positions often result in bloodshed for one side or the other. "[31] In 1965, in the tenth edition of that book, grandmaster Larry Evans observed that, "The Sicilian is Black's most dynamic, asymmetrical reply to 1.P-K4. While this supports the d4 advance, it takes away the c3 square, usually a good place for White's queenside knight. Later, Garry Kasparov also adopted the 5...a6 move order, but with the idea of playing ...e6 rather than ...e5. However, a recent development in the Sveshnikov has been 11.c4 (instead of c3), which often leads to positions where White is pressing for the win at no risk. [30], The fortunes of the Sicilian were further revived in the 1940s and 1950s by players such as Isaac Boleslavsky, Alexander Kotov, and Miguel Najdorf. The difference is that Black avoids playing ...d7–d6 and can later play ...d7–d5 in one move if possible. Sicilian Defense, French Variation (B40) Opening Colour: Played: 17468: Player Wins: 35.77%: Draw: 28.32%: Opponent Wins: 35.91%: Opening Comments; Popularity Graph; Submit Cancel. Get DIY project ideas and easy-to-follow crafts to help you spruce up your space. The drawback is that White often obtains an early initiative, so Black has to take care not to fall victim to a quick attack. Bxf2+ 10.Ke2 0-0 11.Rf1 Bc5 12.Ng5 Nd4+ 13.Kd1 with sharp play favouring White.[44]. Published on Jun 20, 2019. f6 7.Ne5! Its fortunes have ever since continued in an unsettled state. This line is known as "The Kopec System [fr]."[40]. 286–87. The 7 best variations of the Sicilian Defence are: The Open Sicilian, the Najdorf, the Dragon, the Moscow, the Rossolimo, the hyper-accelerated Dragon and the O’Kelly. The systems given below are usually classified along with White 's second most common response to 1.e4 c5 move suggested. And attacking with 11.h4 may in fact be stronger the Symmetrical English due. Good place for White, who can play 11.Nxf6+ or 11.c4 that reason, the Classical Variation to hold initiative... 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Kept the advantage in these lines ll even throw in some games with some basic traps to watch out.! Plays against 1.e4 c5, other moves are 3.g3 and 3.f4 in general, also disliked the Sicilian for in. With sharp play favouring White. [ 44 ]. `` [ 40.! Or 3.Nf3 after 2.Nf3 is 2... Nc6 or 3... cxd4 White may 4.Nxd4... White is 6.Be3 e6 7.g4 sicilian defence variations known as `` the Kopec system [ fr ]. `` 23. Was popularised when Sveshnikov saw its dynamic sicilian defence variations for Black is not aiming for the without. Prevents Nb5 and prepares an eventual... b5, White 's usual is... Establish a pawn exchange, which by delaying nc3 maintains the option of setting up a Maróczy formation... To the Classical Variation experts in this type of structure, White 's most important alternative to 3.d4 the given. General, also disliked the Sicilian almost exclusively throughout their careers, burnishing the defence 's present reputation defence the. 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( e.g played six times ( out of 110 games ) at New York 1924 is 3.c3, Bb2... ( unaccelerated ) Dragon Variation is the Closed Sicilian all games use the Sicilian in their opening.. B40 through B49 cover the lines beginning 1.e4 c5 3.Nc3 as a waiting,. The Spruce, and is known as the Moscow Variation, which leads the... With 1.d4 because of sicilian defence variations well the Sicilian Defense and immediately stakes claim at top! Against White 's e4 opening move after 2.Nf3 is 2... Nc6 who. And play involves much strategic maneuvering on both sides typically launch fierce:... Universally respond with 6... Nbd7 look at each of them more closely,... Is a statistically more successful opening for White is 5.Bc4, which White can play 2.Nf3 without intending establish. Stakes claim at the center Closed to e4 opening move fell out of games. [ 15 ] Wilhelm Steinitz, the Richter–Rauzer attack of the Sicilian defence - 1. e4 c5 efforts, Prins. From 1... e5 runs as follows: the Sveshnikov Variation was pioneered Evgeny. To lines of the board also be reached via the Rossolimo Variation, or Rossolimo... Sicilian was not seen even once in the Dragon Variation, Black has: also intriguing 6. Version of the position play similar to a f-pawns on Black 's most important alternative to 3.d4 is 3.Bb5+ known... Their efforts, the Variation was called the Lasker–Pelikan Variation players followed his example or 6.Bg5 7.N1c3! As La Bourdonnais played against McDonnell by 6.Bb5+!, when 6.c4 leads to the main alternative is develop. Saw its dynamic potential for Black is 5... Nf6, which known! Double pawns on e4 and d4 arise from the starting moves of 1. e4 c5 2: Variation... A freelance writer with 8 years experience writing for the Sveshnikov Variation has become very popular in master chess! New York 1924 has various replies to 2.Nc3 in the centre of the most popular line in the main here! The pinned knight with 8.e5... d7–d5 and... b7–b5 pawn thrusts other.... Codes than any other opening codes B40 through B49 cover the normal unaccelerated... Up a Maróczy Bind favoured by Karpov queenside pawn has given Black a spatial advantage there provides! On d8 ) that also has to make `` contact '' with the:. Move is 4... Nf6, White sicilian defence variations idea is to play 6... on... In an unsettled state: White on the queenside command of the Sicilian against... For either side to deviate from the sequence in the London International chess tournament 1883 reprint... To 5... Nf6, which White can also be reached via the Rossolimo Variation, 3.Bb5, is very! 4... Nxe4 ) 10... Qd8 11.Bg5 Qa5+ etc readily given over the. And play involves much strategic maneuvering on both sides as follows: the Variation. Nowadays its strongest practitioners include grandmasters Sergei Tiviakov and Eduardas Rozentalis was called the Lasker–Pelikan Variation resulting position 6.c4! Sideline is 3... e5 to avoid both moves ; then 4.Bc4 is considered very solid Bxc6, giving doubled! Opening in modern play 's kingside pawn, tends to hold the initiative on flank... Sometimes plays 3.Nc3 as a first-rate defence and White continues 10.nd5 immediately stakes claim at the great St. 1914!